The primary objective of this project is to advance the integration of positive peace and environmental sustainability in order to maximize the impact of their policies and initiatives in societies vulnerable to conflict and environmental risks. Climate and environmental change are transforming the security landscape in which both conflicts and peacebuilding processes take place. While existing research underscores the importance of climate-sensitive approaches to peacebuilding, the focus has been on violent conflict and global environmental change. The relationship between the positive dimension of peace and more local manifestations of environmental sustainability, however, remains grossly under-examined. This project aims to address this gap by unpacking the positive peace-environmental sustainability nexus. To identify the specific components of this linkage, this project will analyze panel data on positive peace and environmental sustainability and fieldwork data from Afghanistan and Nepal. In both cases, a lack of environmental sustainability is observable in increased water scarcity and floods, which exacerbate social, economic, and political issues, contributing to community-level conflict and regional tensions. Integrating the components of positive peace and environmental sustainability enables a holistic approach to environmental peacebuilding.

Project Outputs:

  1. Sharifi, Ayyoob, Dahlia Simangan, and Shinji Kaneko. 2021. The literature landscape on peace-sustainability nexus: A scientometric analysis. Ambio 50: 661-678.
  2. Sharifi, Ayyoob and Dahlia Simangan. Forthcoming. Environmental Sustainability: The Missing Pillar of Positive Peace. In Standish, Katerina, Heather Devere, Adan Suazo, and Rachel Rafferty (eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Positive Peace. Singapore, Springer Nature.